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The Treatment Court Movement
First Drug Court Opens in Miami, FL
At the height of the nation’s cocaine epidemic and the War on Drugs, pioneers in Miami-Dade, Florida came together to try something new: treat the addiction that was devastating so many lives.
Spending on Corrections Exceeds $26 Billion a Year
US Prison Population Reaches Record High of 771,243
State prison costs for low-level drug offenses exceeds $1.2 billion/yr
First women’s drug court opens in Kalamazoo, MI
44 drug courts in operation
US Incarceration reaches 1 million
Over two days in May, 1994, a group of intrepid drug court judges gathered together to create the National Association of Drug Court Professionals. NADCP would become the only national organization providing training, membership and advocacy on behalf of drug courts and other treatment courts.
U.S. Department of Justice begins administering federal drug court grants
First DWI court opens in Doña Ana, New Mexico
First juvenile drug court opens in Visalia, California
First family treatment court opens in Reno, Nevada
First tribal healing to wellness court opens in Fort Hall, Idaho
NADCP Drug Court Standards Committee publishes Defining Drug Courts: The Key Components
Published with funding from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the key components provided a much needed blueprint for the burgeoning treatment court field and immediately became the most important treatment court publication in existence. Decades later, research would confirm just how essential the ten key components are to treatment court outcomes.
NADCP launches the National Drug Court Institute with support from the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)
Recognizing the need for ongoing training and technical assistance, NADCP created the National Drug Court Institute. With support from ONDCP, NDCI would become the premier provider of treatment court training and technical assistance in the United States.
The National Institute of Justice reports adult drug court recidivism rates are as low as 16.4% nationwide one year after graduation
The Conference of Chief Justices and the Conference of State Court Administrators issue a joint resolution supporting treatment courts.
The join resolution representing chief justices and state court administrators from every state helped institutionalize treatment courts and set the stage for the second decade of growth.
“Drug court and problem-solving court principles and methods have demonstrated great success in addressing certain complex social problems.”
1,621 treatment courts in operation
NADCP Holds 10th Annual Training Conference
National study finds that parents in family treatment courts were significantly more likely to be reunified with their children than comparison groups.
NADCP Launches the National Center for DWI Courts (NCDC)
On May 2, 2007, NADCP launched the National Center for DWI Courts to help develop and grow the DWI Court field. With funding from Beam Global, NCDC was launched at the U.S. Capitol with an event featuring race car drivers Michael Andretti and Robby Gordon.
First veterans treatment court opens in buffalo, NY